You have control over what you share.

Privacy is built in from the beginning, from the moment you open your new device to every time you use an app. Here are a few things to know so you can be even more secure.

Learn about privacy settings and controls.

Settings have been carefully designed to put you in control of your data. You can adjust what information is shared, where you share it, and when it is backed up. And starting with iOS 14 and iPadOS 14, you’re more in control of how apps use your personal data to track you.

View A Day in the Life of Your Data (PDF)
New

Privacy information on the App Store

Starting in December 2020, product pages on the App Store feature a new section that provides developers’ self‑reported summaries of some of their privacy practices in a simple, easy‑to‑read format. This shows how developers are collecting and using your data, including information like your location, browsing history, and contacts. This is part of ongoing work to increase transparency and control over your data, and Apple will continue to update this feature and work with developers to ensure that users can make informed choices.

Learn more about privacy information on the App Store
Coming soon

App tracking controls and transparency

Your devices carry the story of your life. We believe you should have a choice in how apps track and share your data with other companies for advertising or with data brokers.

Starting in early 2021, apps will be required to ask your permission when they want to track you across apps and websites owned by other companies. You’ll be able to change your preference for any app or prevent apps from asking for permission entirely in Settings.

Third-party apps and permissions

Apple gives you transparency and control over the data you share with apps. Apps may request access to things such as your location, contacts, calendars, or photos. You’ll receive a prompt with an explanation the first time a third-party app wants to use this data, so you can make an informed decision about granting permission. Even if you grant access once, you can always change it later in Settings. Starting in early 2021, iOS 14 and iPadOS 14 will also require developers to get your permission before tracking you or your device across apps and websites owned by other companies for targeted ads or ad measurement purposes, or to share your data with data brokers.

No app can access the microphone or camera without your permission. In iOS 14 and iPadOS 14, when an app uses the microphone or camera, your device displays an indicator to let you know they are being used –– whether you are in the app, in another app, or on the Home Screen. And Control Center shows you when an app has recently used the microphone or camera. In iOS and iPadOS, access to the camera is disabled for an app when it is in the background.

Sometimes apps need to know what other devices are on your local network, like when you’re trying to connect to a smart TV or printer. Starting with iOS 14 and iPadOS 14, apps need to ask your permission before scanning your local network.

iOS 14 and iPadOS 14 also let you know when an app accesses your Clipboard, so you can confirm that it receives access to only the items you expect.

Data and privacy information

Data and privacy information screens make it easy to understand how Apple will use your personal information before you sign in or start using new features. When you see the Data and Privacy icon, you’ll find helpful information on what personal data may be shared and how it will be used to improve your experience.

Location data

Sometimes it’s useful for your device to know your location, like when you’re setting up meetings in Calendar or getting directions. Location Services on your device uses a combination of GPS, Bluetooth, and crowd-sourced Wi-Fi hotspots and mobile towers to figure out where you are. Apple gives you control over the collection and use of this location data on all your devices. With iOS 14, iPadOS 14, and watchOS 7, you can choose whether apps have access to your approximate location — an area of about 10 square miles — rather than your precise location. Location Services is not on by default. You can enable it when you first set up your device, and you can always turn it off if you change your mind.

View the Location Services Privacy white paper (PDF)

Data and Privacy page

To give you more control over your personal information, we provide a set of dedicated privacy management tools on your Data and Privacy page. These tools give you the ability to get a copy of your data, request a correction to your data, deactivate your account, or delete your account.

Learn more about taking control of your data Visit your Data and Privacy page

Analytics

If you choose to opt in, your iOS and iPadOS devices can collect analytics about your device and any paired Apple Watch and send it to Apple for analysis. This analysis helps Apple improve products and reduce problems like apps crashing. The collected information does not identify you personally and can be sent to Apple only with your explicit consent. Analytics may include details about hardware and operating system specifications, performance statistics, and data about how you use your devices and applications. When it’s collected, personal data is either not logged at all, removed from reports before they’re sent to Apple, or protected by techniques such as Differential Privacy.

The information we gather using Differential Privacy helps us improve our services without compromising individual privacy. For example, this technology improves QuickType and emoji suggestions, as well as Lookup Hints in Notes.

We identify commonly used data types in the Health app and web domains in Safari that cause performance issues. This information allows us to work with developers to improve your experience without revealing anything about your individual behavior.

If you give your explicit consent to share iCloud Analytics, Apple can improve Siri and other intelligent features by analyzing how you use iCloud data from your account, such as text snippets from email messages. Analysis happens only after the data has gone through privacy-enhancing techniques like Differential Privacy so that it cannot be associated with you or your account.

Advertising

Apple is committed to delivering advertising in a way that respects your privacy. Apple‑delivered ads may appear on the App Store, Apple News, and Stocks. The Apple advertising platform does not track you, nor does it buy or share your personal information with other companies. Your Apple Pay transactions, Health app data, and HomeKit app data are not used by the Apple advertising platform to deliver ads. Your App Store search and download history may be used to to serve you relevant ads. In the Apple News and Stocks apps, ads are served based partly on what you read or follow. This includes the topics and categories of the stories you read and the publications you follow, subscribe to, or enable notifications from. The stories you read are not used to serve targeted ads to you outside these apps. You can view the information Apple uses to deliver relevant ads to you in Settings. You can also turn off Personalized Ads at any time in Settings to stop receiving targeted ads on the App Store, Apple News, and Stocks. Turning off Personalized Ads will limit Apple’s ability to deliver relevant ads to you but may not reduce the number of ads you receive. The Apple advertising platform doesn’t serve ads to children under 13 years old and Managed Apple IDs. In addition, Apple has strong guidelines for apps in the Kids category of the App Store, including prohibiting apps in the category from including third-party analytics or third-party advertising.

Secure your devices.

Prevent anyone except you from using your devices and accessing your information.

Six-digit passcodes

Setting a passcode is the most important thing you can do to safeguard your device. The passcode on your Touch ID– or Face ID–enabled device is automatically set to six digits, creating a million possible combinations. You can also enable Erase Data in Settings to have your device wipe itself clean after 10 incorrect guesses.

Learn more about protecting your device with a passcode

Touch ID and Face ID

Touch ID and Face ID provide intuitive and secure authentication with the touch of a finger or a simple glance. Your fingerprint or face data is converted into a mathematical representation that is encrypted and used only by the Secure Enclave in your Mac, iPad, or iPhone. Since fingerprint and face data is so personal, your device takes extraordinary measures to protect it. This data can’t be accessed by the operating system on your device or by any applications running on it. And it is never stored on Apple servers or backed up to iCloud or anywhere else.

Learn more about Apple Platform Security

Two-factor authentication

Two-factor authentication is the best way to keep your information safe because it adds a second layer of security to your Apple ID. It’s designed to ensure that even someone who knows your password can’t access your account. When you sign in on a new device or from the web, a verification code will be displayed automatically on all your trusted devices. Enter this code along with your password and you’ll be signed in. Anyone who can’t provide both your password and the verification code will be kept out. Once signed in, you won’t be asked for a verification code on that device again unless you sign out completely, erase the device, or need to change your password for security reasons.

Learn how to set up two-factor authentication

Find My

Enabling Find My for iPhone, iPad, and Mac helps keep you connected to your device even if it’s lost or stolen, and Find My is built in a way that protects your privacy. It’s enabled automatically when you sign in to iCloud on a new device. You can see where your device is on a map — and where it has been — so you improve your chances of recovering it. If you’re unable to get your device back, you can remotely erase the personal data on it. Apple receives this location information only when you locate your device, turn on Lost Mode, or enable Send Last Location. Location data is only retained for 24 hours so we can display the last known location of your device. Find My also automatically turns on Activation Lock, which requires your Apple ID to be entered before anyone can erase or reactivate your device.

More ways to keep your data safe.

Keep an eye out for fraudulent attempts to acquire your personal information.

Pay attention to notifications.

When you sign in for the first time on a new device, update your payment method, change your password, or make other changes to your account, Apple notifies you with an email or a push notification. So if you receive a notification from us about a change that you don’t remember making, it could mean that someone has wrongfully accessed your account. If that happens, go to “Manage your Apple ID” to change your password immediately. If you need additional help, contact Apple Support for assistance.

Change your Apple ID password Contact Apple ID Support

Beware of phishing.

“Phishing” refers to fraudulent attempts to get personal information from you, such as your Apple ID password or credit card information, usually through an email or text message. The request may appear to be from a legitimate company or individual, but it’s not. Turning on two-factor authentication is the best way to protect yourself against phishing schemes designed to trick you into revealing your Apple ID account credentials. Never provide your password, verification codes, or any other sensitive account information over email or text messages. If you receive what you believe to be a phishing email purporting to be from Apple, send it to reportphishing@apple.com.

Learn more about protecting yourself from phishing

Learn more about privacy at Apple.